Monday, 20. November 2017
  • The coming 5G mobile communications standard will not sate our hunger for data for very long. That is why Fraunhofer experts are already working on 6G together with partners from industry and research as part of the EU-sponsored TERRANOVA project. The goal is to create a network in the terahertz frequency range.

    From Wi-Fi to mobile

    The image shows a functional prototype of a 300 GHz multichannel wireless system for further integration as a system-on-chip, developed by Fraunhofer IAF.
    © Fraunhofer IAF

    The coming 5G mobile communications standard will not sate our hunger for data for very long. That is why Fraunhofer experts are already working on 6G together with partners from industry and research as part of the EU-sponsored TERRANOVA project. The goal is to create a network in the terahertz frequency range.   more...

  • Human stem cells are considered a major new hope in medicine. It is expected that they will make it possible to treat a wide range of ailments such as neurodegenerative diseases. With LabBag, Fraunhofer researchers have developed an all-in-one system in the form of a transparent bag.

    Stem cell research: Laboratory in a bag

    Mini laboratory for human stem cells
    © Fraunhofer IST

    Human stem cells are considered a major new hope in medicine. It is expected that they will make it possible to treat a wide range of ailments such as neurodegenerative diseases. With LabBag, Fraunhofer researchers have developed an all-in-one system in the form of a transparent bag.   more...

  • Those who want a rich harvest need to drive back weeds so that the crops can grow better. In organic agriculture, herbicides are ruled out as they are considered toxic chemicals, and unwanted plants must be laboriously weeded out. This time-consuming work can soon be taken care of by robots.

    Robot automatically identifies weeds

    Tim Wigbels (left) and Dr. Julio Pastrana with their weed recognition software which is detecting a plant and how the laser system is shooting and damage its foliage.
    © Volker Lannert/Uni Bonn

    Those who want a rich harvest need to drive back weeds so that the crops can grow better. In organic agriculture, herbicides are ruled out as they are considered toxic chemicals, and unwanted plants must be laboriously weeded out. This time-consuming work can soon be taken care of by robots.   more...

  • Better technology and modern materials increase the traffic safety and save human life. But they pose totally new challenges for the emergency personnel at the accident site. Because today, tools like hydraulic rescue cutters more and more often reach their limits.

    Laser rescue system for serious accidents

    Conventional rescue systems more and more often reach their limits with modern materials and time is the crucial criterion.
    © Stadt Dortmund – Institut für Feuerwehr- und Rettungstechnologie

    Better technology and modern materials increase the traffic safety and save human life. But they pose totally new challenges for the emergency personnel at the accident site. Because today, tools like hydraulic rescue cutters more and more often reach their limits.   more...

  • Synthetic rubber and plastics - used for manufacturing tires, toys and myriad other products - are produced from butadiene, a molecule traditionally made from petroleum or natural gas. But those manmade materials could get a lot greener soon. A team of scientists from three U.S. research universities has invented a process to make butadiene from renewable sources like trees, grasses and corn.

    Getting a lot greener soon

    „Our team combined a catalyst we recently discovered with new and exciting chemistry to find the first high-yield, low-cost method of manufacturing butadiene,“ says Dionisios Vlachos, Director of the University of Delaware‘s Catalysis Center for Energy Innovation.
    © University of Delaware/ Jeffrey Chase

    Synthetic rubber and plastics - used for manufacturing tires, toys and myriad other products - are produced from butadiene, a molecule traditionally made from petroleum or natural gas. But those manmade materials could get a lot greener soon. A team of scientists from three U.S. research universities has invented a process to make butadiene from renewable sources like trees, grasses and corn.   more...

  • More and more automobile companies are focusing on body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). In the project HolQueSt 3D, the Laser Zentrum Hannover has developed laser processes for the automatic trimming, drilling and repair of three-dimensional components.

    Fit for series production

    On the way to series production: 3D CFRP processing
    © LZH

    More and more automobile companies are focusing on body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). In the project HolQueSt 3D, the Laser Zentrum Hannover has developed laser processes for the automatic trimming, drilling and repair of three-dimensional components.   more...

  • Visitors to the Oktoberfest have always known it and now it has been scientifically proven - beer can lift your spirits. Scientists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) examined 13.000 food components to find out whether they stimulate the reward centre in the brain and make people feel good. Hordenine found in malted barley and beer seems to do the job well.

    Beer lifts your spirits and makes you feel good

    A researcher preparing a sample of beer.
    © FAU / Katharina Götz

    Visitors to the Oktoberfest have always known it and now it has been scientifically proven - beer can lift your spirits. Scientists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) examined 13.000 food components to find out whether they stimulate the reward centre in the brain and make people feel good. Hordenine found in malted barley and beer seems to do the job well.   more...

  • In the past, insoles for patients with diabetes were hand-made by orthopedic shoemakers. In the future, these specialist shoemakers will be able to produce insoles more cost-effectively thanks to new software and the use of 3D printers. This approach means the mechanical properties of each insole can be assessed scientifically and more effectively.

    Do-it-yourself insoles

    With a combination of different structures in an insole, localized rigidity is digitally adjustable.
    © Fraunhofer IWM

    In the past, insoles for patients with diabetes were hand-made by orthopedic shoemakers. In the future, these specialist shoemakers will be able to produce insoles more cost-effectively thanks to new software and the use of 3D printers. This approach means the mechanical properties of each insole can be assessed scientifically and more effectively.   more...

  • Thanks to considerable cost reductions in photovoltaic modules, solar energy holds increasing appeal for use in the mobility sector. Depending on the type of application, even diesel fuel for trucks can be replaced by photovoltaics to some extent. Fraunhofer ISE has carried out and evaluated yield analyses of PV power supply for commercial vehicles, such as refrigerated transport vehicles.

    Solar energy with increasing appeal

    Principle of the vehicle-integrated PV modules for refrigerated semitrailers
    © Fraunhofer ISE

    Thanks to considerable cost reductions in photovoltaic modules, solar energy holds increasing appeal for use in the mobility sector. Depending on the type of application, even diesel fuel for trucks can be replaced by photovoltaics to some extent. Fraunhofer ISE has carried out and evaluated yield analyses of PV power supply for commercial vehicles, such as refrigerated transport vehicles.   more...

  • Lasers became popular with movies like „Star Wars“ or „James Bond“. In reality, lasers are incredibly versatile applicable tools – they are used, e.g., for cutting and welding of a variety of materials. Physicists of the University of Stuttgart succeeded with a technological breakthrough.

    Cool by diamond - New generation of semiconductor lasers

    Diamond-semiconductor-sandwich
    © Hermann Kahle

    Lasers became popular with movies like „Star Wars“ or „James Bond“. In reality, lasers are incredibly versatile applicable tools – they are used, e.g., for cutting and welding of a variety of materials. Physicists of the University of Stuttgart succeeded with a technological breakthrough.   more...

  • For the first time, the Fraunhofer Institute for Production Technology IPT and an industry partner will be revealing a smart information system which will deliver information tailored to match the requirements of the job in hand, straight from the machine control unit to the machine operator.

    Reducing machine down-times

    The information system delivers information tailored to match the requirements of the job in hand, straight from the machine control unit to the machine operator.
    © Mitsubishi Electric/Fraunhofer IPT

    For the first time, the Fraunhofer Institute for Production Technology IPT and an industry partner will be revealing a smart information system which will deliver information tailored to match the requirements of the job in hand, straight from the machine control unit to the machine operator.   more...

  • A new smart system for the interaction between driver and car: Autonomous driving may enhance safety of road traffic, provided that vehicles and drivers interact without problems. An interdisciplinary research alliance called "PAKoS", coordinated by Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) is aimed at developing and implementing an assistance system for increased safety.

    New smart system for autonomous driving

    Cameras help autonomous systems react.
    © PAKoS

    A new smart system for the interaction between driver and car: Autonomous driving may enhance safety of road traffic, provided that vehicles and drivers interact without problems. An interdisciplinary research alliance called "PAKoS", coordinated by Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) is aimed at developing and implementing an assistance system for increased safety.   more...

  • Rotor blades are the centerpiece of a wind turbine, with their production and maintenance subject to rigorous testing procedures. Thanks to a radar scanner from the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Solid State Physics IAF, defects in the material composition of the wind turbine blades can now be detected with far greater accuracy and visualized in a cross-sectional view.

    Radar scanner detects defects of rotor blades

    The radar module is based on indium gallium arsenide semiconductor technology.
    © Fraunhofer IAF

    Rotor blades are the centerpiece of a wind turbine, with their production and maintenance subject to rigorous testing procedures. Thanks to a radar scanner from the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Solid State Physics IAF, defects in the material composition of the wind turbine blades can now be detected with far greater accuracy and visualized in a cross-sectional view.   more...

  • Small children still use a form of the so-called dandy horse, balance bike or draisine, which the inventor Karl von Drais first tested on a longer route on 12 June 1817. Now, 200 years later, computer scientists at Saarland University are making the forerunner of the bicycle attractive for adults. Their prototype, still made of wood, contains an e-motor, battery, sensors and mini-computer.

    Scientists electrify historic dandy horse

    Professor Holger Hermanns riding the Dandy Horse, in the background research team member Florian Schiessl, on the right the Belgian bicycle engineer Dries Callebaut
    © Oliver Dietze

    Small children still use a form of the so-called dandy horse, balance bike or draisine, which the inventor Karl von Drais first tested on a longer route on 12 June 1817. Now, 200 years later, computer scientists at Saarland University are making the forerunner of the bicycle attractive for adults. Their prototype, still made of wood, contains an e-motor, battery, sensors and mini-computer.   more...

  • For the first time ever, a cloud of ultra-cold atoms has been successfully created in space on board of a sounding rocket. The MAIUS mission demonstrates that quantum optical sensors can be operated even in harsh environments like space – a prerequisite for finding answers to challenging questions of fundamental physics.

    Quantum optical sensor tested in space

    Hybrid-integrated master-oscillator power-amplifier (MOPA) laser module for rubidium precision spectroscopy in space
    © FBH / schurian.com

    For the first time ever, a cloud of ultra-cold atoms has been successfully created in space on board of a sounding rocket. The MAIUS mission demonstrates that quantum optical sensors can be operated even in harsh environments like space – a prerequisite for finding answers to challenging questions of fundamental physics.   more...

  • Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings.

    Designer’s façade: new concepts of solar building envelopes

    Visualization of a façade with a solar thermal blind
    © Facade-Lab

    Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings.   more...

  • Transfecting a larger number of cells gently and efficiently – this is possible using the GNOME technology of the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH). This technology is especially suitable for high throughput screening. For the first time, the LZH will be presenting this innovative technology at the Labvolution 2017 at the Pavilion of the State of Lower Saxony (hall 19/20, stand C80).

    Transfecting cells gently

    With high vitality rates: GNOME laser transfection
    © LZH

    Transfecting a larger number of cells gently and efficiently – this is possible using the GNOME technology of the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH). This technology is especially suitable for high throughput screening. For the first time, the LZH will be presenting this innovative technology at the Labvolution 2017 at the Pavilion of the State of Lower Saxony (hall 19/20, stand C80).   more...

  • Better technologies increase the traffic safety and save human life. But they pose totally new challenges for the emergency personnel at the accident site. Because often, tools like hydraulic rescue cutters more and more reach their limits today. A mobile laser unit for rescue missions shall solve this problem. With this system it shall be possible to cut modern materials in a short time.

    Time is a decisive factor

    The chances for rescue are much higher the faster a person can be freed from the vehicle.
    © Stadt Dortmund – Institut für Feuerwehr- und Rettungstechnologie

    Better technologies increase the traffic safety and save human life. But they pose totally new challenges for the emergency personnel at the accident site. Because often, tools like hydraulic rescue cutters more and more reach their limits today. A mobile laser unit for rescue missions shall solve this problem. With this system it shall be possible to cut modern materials in a short time.   more...

  • Bulk materials are processed in nearly all industries: Sand, gravel, coal, deicing salt or diamonds, grain, sugar, coffee or grapes and waste – a lot of everyday goods are more or less grainy. To classify this bulk material by quality and size, it must be sorted in a sophisticated process. Scientists have developed a system which is able to sort much faster, more cheaply and more accurately than previous techniques.

    Properly sorted: more intelligence to bulk material plants

    Dried fruit, gravel or waste – all this is sorted on belt systems by size and quality.
    © Fraunhofer IOSB

    Bulk materials are processed in nearly all industries: Sand, gravel, coal, deicing salt or diamonds, grain, sugar, coffee or grapes and waste – a lot of everyday goods are more or less grainy. To classify this bulk material by quality and size, it must be sorted in a sophisticated process. Scientists have developed a system which is able to sort much   more...

  • Solar energy holds increasing appeal for use in the mobility sector. Depending on the application, even diesel fuel for trucks can be replaced by photovoltaics to some extent. Fraunhofer-Institut für Solare Energiesysteme ISE has carried out and evaluated yield analyses of PV power supply for commercial vehicles, such as refrigerated transport vehicles, using real-life solar irradiance data.

    Lorries powered by sun

    Principle of the vehicle-integrated PV modules for refrigerated semitrailers developed by Fraunhofer ISE
    © Fraunhofer ISE

    Solar energy holds increasing appeal for use in the mobility sector. Depending on the application, even diesel fuel for trucks can be replaced by photovoltaics to some extent. Fraunhofer-Institut für Solare Energiesysteme ISE has carried out and evaluated yield analyses of PV power supply for commercial vehicles, such as refrigerated transport vehicles, using real-life solar irradiance data.   more...

  • Thanks to a new processing technique, foamable particles that are based on renewable resources can be processed into individual molded parts, e. g. for utilization as packaging material. Subsequent to use, the foam parts are compostable.

    Compostable packaging material

    Molded foam parts glued together with water.
    © Fraunhofer UMSICHT

    Thanks to a new processing technique, foamable particles that are based on renewable resources can be processed into individual molded parts, e. g. for utilization as packaging material. Subsequent to use, the foam parts are compostable.   more...

  • Preventing corrosion and its consequences is a key issue in most industries because the cost of corrosion in Germany alone amounts to billions of euros. In addition, the marine growth on surfaces is a huge challenge for shipping, offshore wind turbines, and underwater steel structures. Fraunhofer IFAM has many years of experience developing effective corrosion protection systems and antifouling strategies.

    Coatings for protection against corrosion

    Outdoor weathering test stand at Westmole, Helgoland
    © Fraunhofer IFAM

    Preventing corrosion and its consequences is a key issue in most industries because the cost of corrosion in Germany alone amounts to billions of euros. In addition, the marine growth on surfaces is a huge challenge for shipping, offshore wind turbines, and underwater steel structures. Fraunhofer IFAM has many years of experience developing effective   more...

  • The printing, coating and bonding of plastics requires the surface to be pre-treated. Flame treatment is one way to achieve this so-called activation. It is currently being used in many industrial sectors and has considerable potential for development. In cooperation with an industry partner, Fraunhofer IAP in Potsdam is expanding the opportunities provided by flame treatment.

    With considerable potential: Flame treatment

    A flame treatment facility in operation
    © esse CI

    The printing, coating and bonding of plastics requires the surface to be pre-treated. Flame treatment is one way to achieve this so-called activation. It is currently being used in many industrial sectors and has considerable potential for development. In cooperation with an industry partner, Fraunhofer IAP in Potsdam is expanding the opportunities provided by flame treatment.   more...

  • Environmental energy provides an efficient way to supply energy to non-residential buildings such as office and administration buildings, educational and recreational facilities as well as industrial sheds.

    Efficiently heated and cooled

    The technical centre “Gebäude G” at the Biberach University of Applied Sciences. Different types of TABS are built-in here. The building is used for research and teaching.
    © Hochschule Biberach. Institut für Gebäude- und Energiesysteme, Stefan Sättele

    Environmental energy provides an efficient way to supply energy to non-residential buildings such as office and administration buildings, educational and recreational facilities as well as industrial sheds.   more...